Resilient architecture: A sustainable approach to rebuilding low-cost community shelters in flash flood-prone areas




Flash Flood, Low-cost, Sustainable materials, Pakistan, India, Resilient Architecture


Pakistan and India have been severely impacted by natural disasters, causing widespread damage to homes and infrastructure and leaving whole communities and individuals vulnerable. Global warming, deforestation, limited government support, and poor infrastructure have increased the vulnerability of populations in hazard-prone locations. This research explores resilient architecture in flash flood-prone regions, with a specific focus on low-cost shelter reconstruction using easily available local materials like lime, mud, earth, and bamboo. Through an in-depth literature review and the analysis of two case studies from Pakistan and India in their relevant context, the study identifies key performance parameters such as form, material, raised platforms, services, and structure. The findings highlight commonalities and differences in performance parameters between the two cases. Both cases excel in achieving resilient architecture, incorporating traditional approaches, post-disaster reconstruction, community participation, women's economic empowerment, raised platforms, and enhanced cross-bracing techniques. The research aims to contribute valuable insights and practical recommendations for sustainable and cost-effective solutions, aiding in the reconstruction of communities affected by flash floods. The suggested pragmatic guidelines, rooted in engaging communities, utilizing sustainable materials, employing traditional methods, and implementing educational programs, offer a tangible roadmap for efficient and cost-effective solutions. Embracing these insights enables policymakers, communities, and stakeholders to actively participate in the revitalization of regions impacted by flash floods, nurturing resilience and sustainable growth in the aftermath of natural disasters. This research stands as a valuable resource for propelling practices that harmonize with the environment and empower communities to not only rebuild but also thrive.


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Author Biographies

  • Rao Ahsan Ali, Institute for Art and Culture

    Assistant Professor at School of Architecture, Design and Urbanism department

  • Amina Muntaqa, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus

    Lecturer at Architecture and Design department

  • Hamna Ahmed, Institute for Art and Culture, Pakistan

    Assistant Professor at School of Architecture, Design and Urbanism department


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How to Cite

Ali, R. A., Muntaqa, A., & Ahmed, H. . (2024). Resilient architecture: A sustainable approach to rebuilding low-cost community shelters in flash flood-prone areas. Turkish Journal of Sense of Place and Urban Studies, 2(1), 1-18.